Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://guaiaca.ufpel.edu.br:8080/handle/123456789/704
metadata.dc.type: Article
Title: Association between obesity and periodontal disease in young adults: a population-based birth cohort
Authors: Castilhos, Eduardo Dickie de
Horta, Bernardo Lessa
Gigante, Denise Petrucci
Demarco, Flávio Fernando
Peres, Karen Glazer
Peres, Marco Aurélio
Abstract: To evaluate the association between obesity and periodontal disease and the mediating effect of oral hygiene, systemic inflammation and carbohydrate intake.Material and methods: Subjects born in 1982 in Pelotas, Brazil (n = 5,914), have been followed for several times. Oral health was assessed in a representative sample of 720 individuals at 24 years. Obesity, waist circumference and number of episodes with obesity between 15 and 23 years of age were the main exposures. Mediating effect of oral hygiene, C-reactive protein level and carbohydrate consumption was also assessed. Results: Obese individuals were more likely to have 2 teeth with gingival bleeding. However, after adjusting for confounders, the association was not statistically significant [OR (obese 9 2 or more teeth) 1.72 (95% CI: 0.95, 3.11)] and adjustment for potential mediators decreased the OR (OR = 1.38). The risk of presenting calculus in obese subjects was 10% higher [PR 1.10 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.18)]. The number of episodes of obesity between 15 and 23 years was associated with dental calculus. Periodontal pockets were not associated with obesity. Conclusion: Systemic inflammation and oral hygiene may be mediating the association between obesity and gingivitis. Obesity was not associated with periodontal pockets in young adults in this cohort.
Keywords: Body mass index
Cohort studies
C-reactive protein
Periodontal diseases
Waist circumference
Publisher: Clin Periodontol 2012; 39: 717–724
Citation: DICKIE DE CASTILHOS, Eduardo ; Peres, Karen Glazer ; Peres, Karen Glazer ; Gigante, Denise Petrucci ; Demarco, Flávio Fernando ; Peres, Marco Aurélio ; Horta, Bernardo Lessa . Association between obesity and periodontal disease in young adults: a population-based birth cohort. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, v. 39, p. 717-724, 2012.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/704
Issue Date: 2012
Appears in Collections:Departamento de Odontologia Social e Preventiva: Artigos de periódicos

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